1847 RT 3 B mother of all

Detail of spinning wheel marked No. 55, RT,1847

Close-up of left end of table showing mother-of-all on rods going into support posts, bobbin/flyer, tension screw going through mother-of-all, part of drive wheel visible on right.

1847 RT 1 B overall

Spinning wheel marked No. 55, RT,1847

Treadle wheel with table on three legs. Two support posts have braces to table; hold drive wheel with 12 spokes. Mother-of-all rests between two rods that go from a board at end of table to wheel-support posts. A threaded tensioning screw passes through the board and the bottom of the mother-of-all.

Repro Photo5 B BobbinFlyer_ontablewheel.v1

Detail of tabletop spinning wheel

Close-up shows turned horizontal mother-of-all with vertical maidens holding bobbin/flyer mechanism, threaded screw can be seen going through mother-fo-all, and doubled drive band around bobbin and whorl.

Repro Photo4 B_TableSpinningWheelcDavidBryant2020

Tabletop spinning wheel built by David Bryant adapted from a spinning wheel designed by John Jameson of York, England (c. 1780–1802).

A rectangular table with four turned posts that support a turned rectangular framework. Two short posts hold the drive wheel, with eight turned spokes. A handle is attached to the hub of the drive wheel. The mother-of-all, which fits onto the left end of the frame, holds the bobbin/flyer mechanism. It is controlled by a threaded screw set into the end of the frame. One short support arm set into table holds the water cup and another longer one holds the distaff.

Little wheel 9 B finished wheel

Restored laptop wheel

Oval base has rim around it. Two elegantly turned posts hold a drive wheel with six spokes and six half spokes in between them. At the other end the mother-of-all fits into the base; the maidens are turned like the wheel posts; the bobbin is wood but the flyer is brass with notches cut into it. A movable turned rod that is fastened to the base holds a wooden water cup.

Little wheel 6 B brass flyer

Detail of brass flyer from laptop wheel

A thumb and finger hold a U-shaped brass flyer with notches along one side. A wooden whorl is at the other end of the shaft.

Log top 4 B bird cage distaff

Log top double-flyer wheel with bird-cage distaff

Lower table on four legs, with treadle between. Two short posts hold drive-wheel. Four posts hold split upper table with additional round pieces that hold maidens for two bobbin/flyer units as well as four threaded screws. Three parts of turned distaff ends in bird cage style top. 

Burt 7 B spindle post

Detail of secondary table and spindle post.

Close up of secondary table on Granny Greer wheel showing the tension screw and the higher legs on the drive-wheel side making it slant away from the drive wheel.

Burt 2 B overall

"Granny Greer"- style great wheel

Large spindle wheel with three legs on a long table. Drive wheel on turned post has twelve spokes. A secondary table, on four short legs, is attached to other end of table. It holds a spindle post with a spindle head. A threaded screw goes through the end of this table so the spindle post can move in the slot. 

Slider C 300

Slider tension system.

Close up of end of great-wheel table, board resting on table holds turned spindle post and spindle head. Slot in board so position can be adjusted. Held in place by wooden screw and nut.

Single barrel 1 B

Barrel mounted on single post tension system.

Close up of turned spindle post with a round extension on one side with a nut or wedge on the other side. Spindle head set into the round extension.

Pegboard 1 B

Close up of pivoting spindle post.

Close up of pivoting spindle post with a flat piece of wood at the bottom. There are holes in the board and a hole in the post. A peg goes through the hole in the post then into the peg board to adjust the position.

1828 Leroy writing 2 B

Inscription on table around the hole for drive wheel post.

Inscription on table around the hole for drive wheel post. MS PoLLY Feb 4 1828 BeSt LeRoY Bed-W. It was surrounded by squares filled with parallel lines and some squares with “B” shapes on opposite sides. 

1828 Leroy sp wh 2 B

Great wheel

Large spindle wheel with steeply slanted table, decorated tall single leg, and two very short legs coming from the sides. Ornately turned drive-wheel post and brace hold a drive wheel with a narrow rim and ten spokes. Slider tension board with screw and wing nut holds the short spindle post and spindle head. 


Side view of the moving spindle wheel with horizontal arm, showing the drive wheel rim and cord on the right, and the arm with the spindle at the end swinging out horizontally from the table on the left.

HMS 14 B gears close up

Close-up of vertical pulley and gears made from one piece of wood, interconnects with gears on horizontal surface of pivoting arm.

HMS 13 B gears arm

Detail shows two round disks at the end of the arm with one cord around lower disk going to two pulleys on the edge of the table. A cord goes around the upper disk off to the right to connect to the spindle. A third cord, coming from the drive wheel, goes around a groove in the gears.

HA 1 B front overall

A long table with three legs has a deep slot on the right side. On the rear side of the slot is a post that holds a drive wheel with a flat rim and ten spokes. At the other end of the table an attached board holds the arm that extends straight out to hold the spindle vertically. Above the arm is a horizontal pulley, an accelerating wheel. Resting on that is a gear mechanism, the horizontal part on the wheel and the vertical part screwed to a small board nailed to the back of the table. A foot pedal is pinned between the two right-hand legs and controls the movement of the arm. There is a counterweight on the rear side.

EES photo 7 B

Close-up of drive wheel showing wooden core in position in the wheel hub with metal end resting on drive-wheel post.

EES photo 6 B

Core is a cylindrical piece of wood that fits onto a metal rod bent into L-shape with small knob on end.

EES photo 4 B

U-shaped wooden flyer with metal orifice on right hand side. Iron sliding hook on lower arm of flyer, with guide hook on right. Bobbin between flyer arms. Whorl with three grooves on left end of shaft.

EES photo 1 B

Low wheel with rectangular table on three turned legs, viewed from front. Nicely turned wheel posts hold the drive wheel with 12 spokes and a narrow rim. Braces go between the drive-wheel posts and the table. Footman attached to treadle. Mother-of-all rests on collar. Tension screw on the end of the table. Distaff in three parts on corner of table behind the mother-of-all.

1847 McIntosh McCulloch from rear B

Low wheel with rectangular table on three turned legs, viewed from rear. Nicely turned wheel posts hold the drive wheel with 14 spokes on left. Footman attached to treadle. Mother-of-all on the right rests on collar. Tension screw on the end of the table.

Wil+Fair 7 B right side view

Side view of tabletop wheel shows three bands. The first band goes around the drive wheel to a grooved hub at the back of the upper accelerating wheel. A second band connects the upper accelerating wheel with the lower one. A grooved disk at the back of the lower accelerating wheel holds the third band that connects to the whorl on the spindle.

Wil + Fair 2 B front left angle

Rectangular wooden base holds two uprights. Large wheel on bottom with handle is drive wheel, one large accelerating wheel is at the top, another smaller accelerating wheel on the bottom. A spindle rests to the right-hand side.

Paul H 1B overall

Upright wheel with four legs forming a split table, with the treadle attached between front legs. Two slanted posts hold the drive wheel. A hinged mother-of-all has maidens shaped like bridge posts that hold the bobbin/flyer unit.

Moswolt M@ Tammy C-S B

Upright wheel with drive wheel consisting of four half circle pieces that are attached to each other and a central square piece of wood. Treadle fits into base of upright with footman attached to hub. Mother-of-all on horizontal board placed at top of upright. Detachable lazy Kate on left and skein winder on front.

HT 15 B flax overall

Low wheel with rectangular table on three turned legs. Turned wheel posts hold the drive wheel with fourteen spokes. Maidens on mother-of-all have flat tops. Tension screw on the end of the table. Treadle is missing part of foot piece.

HT 12 B pirn winder overall 2

Bobbin/quill winder is smaller version of the great wheel but the drive wheel has only eight spokes. The mother-of-all at the left end has a rod between the maidens to hold the bobbins. It is controlled by screw tensioner in the table.

HT 1 B great overall

Large spindle wheel has a rectangular table with three nicely turned legs and wheel post. Drive wheel has ten turned spokes. Spindle post, with accelerating spindle head, has a screw tensioner with a pear-shaped receiver.