Oman 1 B IMG_2361

Spinning wheel by Earl Oman

Norwegian-style spinning wheel. Flat lower table on three legs. Secondary table on left side holds mother-of-all and has turned rods going into posts on right that hold the drive wheel, which has twelve spokes. Treadle connects to footman outside of table. Bobbin holders on table on left. Made from a variety of woods, some dark.

Oman 7 B IMG_5350

Spinning wheel by Earl Oman

Upright spinning wheel with a table set on three legs with two treadles between the front legs. Turned posts hold the mother-of-all about the drive wheel that has decorative half spokes. Both light and dark woods were used.

App table top 1 B IMG_0120 (1)

Incomplete tabletop spinning wheel, with a drive wheel and an accelerating wheel, possibly from Appalachia

The wooden base has post on the left that holds a solid wheel with a handle. In the middle is a smaller post holding a smaller accelerating wheel. On the right end is a block that could move that has only one maiden so the wheel is incomplete needing another maiden and spindle.

Wilson B

Tabletop spinning wheel patented by Wilson and Fairbanks

Wooden base holds two uprights, between them is lower solid wheel with handle, upper accelerating wheel at top. Maidens with spindle on right-hand side of base.

Burkhardt B

Tabletop spinning wheel patented by J. W. Burkhardt

Base with vertical board, large solid wood wheel on left side. Connects to smaller wheel on right. Spindle is attached to a moving arm.

CF Photo#1 B

Chair-frame wheel

Five round wooden posts form the square footprint of this wheel. Two posts on the right hold the drive wheel with twelve spokes. The maidens and bobbin/flyer unit are between two posts on the left. Stretchers between the posts are on the sides and back. A stretcher across the front holds the distaff. Treadle attaches to footman within the frame.

CF Photo#2 B

Chair-frame wheel rear view, with footman and birdcage distaff.

Rearview of chair-frame wheel showing the footman within the frame and a better view of the stretchers. Also the birdcage distaff.

CF Photo#3 B

Detail of chair-frame wheel

Close-up of drive-wheel hub showing the U-shaped axle crank that fits into a wooden screw in the rear drive-wheel post.

Thomas Wright ATHM B

Thomas Wright patented moving-spindle wheel

Wooden wheel with X-shaped frame, with large drive wheel on right hand side. Spindle arm pivots from accelerating wheel at bottom left. Paddle-shaped treadle controls the spindle arm.

Ottawa Journal B Aug 16 1895

Clipping from Ottawa Journal

Newspaper clipping from Ottawa Journal in August 16, 1895, reporting that Thomas Wright’s son tried to put him in an insane asylum and Wright is seeking damages.

Columbine 2 B blue wheel side

Columbine spinning wheel with lazy Kate

Two inverted U-shaped pieces of metal form a frame with three sets of horizontal crosspieces. Between them at the top is a metal bobbin/flyer unit. Attached to a crosspiece on the back frame is the drive wheel. Between the front frame is a rectangular treadle connected to the drive wheel. Behind it to the left is a small pair of inverted U-shape frames with cross rods to hold extra bobbins.

Columbine 3 B top bf

Close-up of orifice and bobbin/flyer on Columbine wheel.

Close-up of top of front frame shows orifice coming through it. Bobbin/flyer unit has brown yarn on it. Drive wheel can be seen below.

screw tension 1 B Lisa

Lisa's restored great wheel with screw-tension mechanism

Great wheel with plain table and nicely turned legs and drive-wheel post. Drive wheel has 10 spokes that are heavier near the flat rim. Turned spindle post goes through a board on top of the table and into the table. Screw tension mechanism fits into end of table. Spindle head, consisting of two maidens and spindle in leather bearings, fits into top of post.

screw tension 2 B Tom

Tom's great wheel with screw-tension mechanism.

Great wheel with plain table and plain legs and drive-wheel post. Drive wheel has 12 plain spokes and a flat rim. The spindle post fits into a board on top of the table with a spindle head on top of it. Screw tension mechanism fits into end of table.

screw tension 6 B Pat overall

Pat's great wheel with screw-tension mechanism

Great wheel with steeply slanted table and nicely turned legs and drive-wheel post. Drive wheel has 14 spokes that are heavier near the flat rim. Short turned spindle post goes through the table. Spindle head has two maidens. Screw tension mechanism, like on a flax wheel, fits into end of table.

screw tension 13 B Lisa spindle

Spindle head with replacement maiden.

Spindle head fitted onto spindle post. Turned mother of all has two short turned maidens, the one on the left is lighter and is the replacement. Leather bearings hold the metal spindle with wooden whorl.

Figure 1 B

Postcard of Belgian lace makers

Colored postcard shows two seated older woman. The one on the right is working on a bobbin lace pillow set on a table in front of her. The woman on the left has a spinning-wheel type device in front of her. She is pulling thread from a swift on a stand to her left, to the bobbin on the post in front of her left hand.

Figure 2 B (1)

Four styles of lace making bobbins

Four types of wooden lace making bobbins. First, Belgian, has a small bulb at bottom a shank and then ring marking where thread goes with flat end; second, French, has large bulb at the bottom, a longer area marked by rings to hold the thread; third, English is very narrow with only a small space on the top for thread, but decorated with gold bands on the shank, and a cluster of beads at the bottom.; fourth, English Honiton style is just a very thin finger-shape piece of wood that is narrower on the top to hold the thread.

Figure 5 B (1)

Belgian friction bobbin winder

Wooden base holds a table with two legs on the left and one on the right. A slanted post on the right holds a drive wheel with four spokes. On the left is a round post holding two lace bobbins. A drive band connects the bobbins to the drive wheel.

Figure 7 B (2)

French bobbin winder

Long, rectangular wooden box, not very deep, has on the right two rectangular posts that hold a solid wooden drive wheel with a wooden handle. At the middle are two turned posts with a bobbin in between them. A drive band connects them to the drive wheel. At the left end is a wooden extension with a short post with two slats that cross in the middle. Old bobbins fit into the four ends. It is used as a swift to unwind the thread.

Figure 12 B (2)

English bobbin winder

An elaborately turned post has a short turned extension that holds a matching post. A wooden pulley fits between the posts and a handle is attached to the wheel axle. Above the wheel is a small turned pieces and above that is a metal rod with a grooved piece of wood on it. The metal rod goes through the wooden upright on the right and a bobbin is attached to it. A drive cord goes from the pulley to the grooved piece of wood.

Reeling pin IL 1795 02 Tina M B

Reeling pin on table of wheel

Close up of end of spinning wheel table, showing tension screw with initials I. L on left and number 1795 on right. Above number is a reeling pin set into the corner of the table.

flax comb 2 B (1) top side

Swedish-American flax comb

Rough wooden board with handmade nails arranged in a circular arrangement with a yellow tape measure in front of it.

flax comb 3 B (1) in front of house

Flax comb in front of house.

In front is a wooden board with a circle of nails sticking out, a flax comb. Behind is a large stone building with slanted roof, the 1716 Mouns Jones house,

flax comb 20 B (1) on stand

Flax comb on stand

Two parallel wooden bases hold two turned uprights with two crosspieces, one low and one towards the top. On the top is a flat board set into the tops of the uprights. On the board is a round piece of wood containing nails. Yellow measuring tape in front.

Figure2 B

Flax break

Long wooden structure on parallel bases, rectangular uprights with a crosspiece about half way up. Top section holds two slots and handles on each end to raise and lower the blades that fit into the slots.

Figure4 B

Flax break in use

Person wearing an apron at top of image is holding flax, straw-like fibers, in left hand, lifting the wooden break handle with right hand. Lower part of image shows flax straw placed below the second set of blades.