Tape loom 1 B side

Tape loom designed for two weavers to work on at one time.

Side view of wooden frame with vertical pieces on the sides with horizontal pieces at top, middle, and near bottom. Between top and middle a flat cut out piece reinforces the structure. On each side is a wooden diagonal piece with a half circle cut out. Shafts and strings can be seen within the frame.

Tape loom 2 B front each identical

Tape loom showing one side facing the weaver.

View of wooden frame from one side facing the weaver. At the top is a hanging beater set into brackets with a reed. Strings with handles can be seen in from of the reed. There is flat piece of wood between the two diagonal pieces on each side. A round beam is below that. Strings can be seen going around pulleys set into a piece of wood in the middle of the bottom crosspiece.

Tape Loom 5 B pulley system

Tape loom top view showing shafts and pulleys.

View from the top showing two shafts with string heddles. Pulleys with strings above and strings to pulleys below on bottom crosspiece. Beater can be seen behind the shafts.

ZFH 1 B (2)

Tape loom from Eleanor Bittle’s collection.

Rectangular wooden board with a pair of short uprights at each end with two dowels between them. A wooden ratchet and pawl are next to an upright at each end.

ZFH 2 B (2)

Restored tape loom from Eleanor Bittle’s collection

Restored loom shows arms added on each side to hold wooden hole-and-slot heddle in the middle, resting on a block. Warp in blue, green, red, and yellow thread going from one end through the heddle to the other.

ZFH 3 B (2)

Tape loom restored side view showing the heddle down.

Side view of restored loom with heddle resting on the base. Warp threads clearly separated to make the shed. Hands visible on the right.

Rose 2nd Loom 3 B side front

Second Weaver Rose Loom, assembled

Loom assembled showing front breast beam, overhead beater, clothe beam, four shafts, and four treadles. A half-circle shaped loom bench is set into bottom bar at front of loom and leans out away from the loom.

Rose 2nd Loom 1 B IMG_1123

Pieces of Second Weaver Rose Loom.

Pieces of Second Weaver Rose Loom when it arrived. Pieces of wood of varying sizes and thicknesses laying across each other both horizontally and vertically. Only recognizable shape is of a wooden shuttle in foreground.

Pocock tape loom B IMG_6551

Sylvia Pocock’s band or free-standing inkle loom.

A wooden base on feet holds three vertical supports with a horizontal crosspiece half way up. The front upright leans at an angle toward the weaver. Dowels are set into the supports. String heddles are set between the first and second supports and tied to a dowel in the middle of the middle support. A warp goes through the heddles and around the dowels.

Berta Frey tape loom 2 A IMG_6554

Berta Frey’s Swedish band loom.

Two vertical supports hold the spool for the warp on one end and the spool for the woven tape at the other. Two horizontal pieces are between them. In the middle is a vertical wooden piece that is attached to the top horizontal board. On each side of it is a piece of wood that holds each of the two shafts with string heddles. They go through the crosspiece and are tied to the two treadles on the bottom. At the top is a pulley and the shafts are tied to that. A warp is threaded through the shafts.

PA Cant 1 D Marshfield

Pennsylvania German cantilevered loom, at Marshfield School of Weaving viewed from the rear, without warp.

Large wooden loom viewed from the side, warp beam on right rests in wide upright, Broad pieces of wood on side attached to tall front pieces. Overhead piece sticks out, cantilevers over loom and holds overhead beater. Breast beam is attached on side by metal bracket. Shafts with string heddles in foreground.

PA Cant 4 D extenders in use M

Warp beam extenders on Pennsylvania cantilevered loom at Marshfield.

Front shows warp threads tied to board. Threads go through the reed and the string heddles on the shafts to the warp beam. Warp beam is pulled beyond the back of the loom on extenders on each side, wood pieces with notches, for ease of putting sizing on the threads.

PA Cant 6 D Walter loom

Cantilevered loom from the Kitty Bell and Ron Walter Collection at the National Museum of the American Coverlet in Bedford, PA.

Large wooden loom viewed from rear and side. Warp beam held by two broad pieces a flat board is under the warp beam. The back of four treadles can be seen under it. Two tall front posts hold a wooden frame that cantilevers over the loom. The overhead beater hangs from the frame. Also two short pieces of wood hold a rod over which hand the pulleys to which are attached the horses that hold the shafts.

PA Cant 12 B bracket Marshfield

Bracket that holds the breast beam on loom at Marshfield.

Close up of metal bracket attached to a wooden post. Wooden breast beam fits within the bracket. Intricate geometric design carved into surface of metal.

Nute 2 B IMG_001

Elevation drawing from patent issued to John Henry Nute of New Glasgow, Pictou County, Nova Scotia

Line drawing from patent, title at top says “Improved, combined spinning, reeling and quilling machine.” On left thin boards with short posts sticking up, gears under them. To right is an accelerating head with a band to a larger wheel. At bottom is signature of inventor, John Henry Nute.

Nute factory 1 b PC2_318_061_141

Nute Brothers’ Factory, New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, 1871, by G. R. Waldren.

Old photograph from 1871 of Nute Brothers’ Factory, New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. Carriage drawn by a white horse stands in front of a two-story wooden building. A row of six men stand on a ledge in front of the second story, the fourth man has wheels in his hands. Two men stand on a ladder going from the ledge to the wagon. They appear to be putting a wheel into the wagon.

A frame B Florence’s wheels 002

A-frame wheel showing drive-wheel axle between legs that also form drive-wheel supports.

One round front leg goes to two round bars that form a frame with two round back legs that go up beyond the drive wheel to a short rod. There is a stretcher between the back legs and two lower ones on the sides. A bobbin/flyer unit is above the single leg. The piston-style drive-wheel axle fits between the two tall legs and the footman is within the frame to the treadle.

tableless2 B overall

Great wheel on a frame

Three turned legs support a rectangular frame made from turned pieces. The turned drive-wheel post holds the wheel that has twelve spokes and a flat rim. At the far end is the turned spindle post with an accelerating head on the top.

tableless 1 B folded up

Wheel folded up for transporting

When the drive wheel is removed, the spindle post and drive-wheel post pivot to rest on the sides of the frame and are secured with a rope for transporting.

tableless 4 B wheelpost

Close-up showing how wedges are attached to drive-wheel post

Close-up of drive-wheel post between the ends of the sides of the frame. A small, flat piece of wood is nailed between the sides of the frame. One wedge is placed vertically on the left side of the post and the other is set on the right horizontally.

01 B_ThorpSpinningWheel

Samuel Thorp spinning wheel, marked S THORP ABBERLEY INV

Three narrow curved legs hold a highly polished curved table. A slot in the table holds a metal drive wheel with the wooden footman going through the table to a bell-shaped treadle set between the two front legs. A metal post to the left of the drive wheel holds the metal bobbin/flyer unit and a lantern-style distaff.

02_ B WebsterSpinningWheel_ID182

Robert Webster spinning wheel, marked INVENTOR R. WEBSTER, SALOP

Three thin legs hold a highly polished curved table with parts of a bobbin/flyer mechanism. The drive wheel is set below the table, above a curved triangular piece that fits between the legs. A metal chain connects the drive wheel to the bottle-shaped treadle.

03 B_ThorpWheelCrank

Thorp wheel crank arrangement

Close-up of top of table shows, from left to right, piston-style axle crank, with footman that goes through the table; metal drive wheel, and metal post that holds the bobbin/flyer unit and the distaff.

04 B_WebsterWheelCrank_ID182

Webster wheel crank arrangement

Close-up of metal drive wheel with piston-style axle crank that goes through back leg; the chain that connects the crank to the treadle, passing through a hole in the triangular wooden piece that goes between the legs.

Counter 3 B reel phone IMG_0423

Skein winder or reel with 6 arms

Rectangular wooden base with upright that gears are set into. A rod goes through upright to round disc that holds six arms with crosspieces on the ends. Thread is wound around arms. Smart phone on table to left of base of reel.

Counter 2 B reel niks bobbin IMG_0413

Close-up of skein on reel, hand holding the niks

Foreground shows base of a wooden reel, two arms of reel with thread around them. Middle ground includes a left hand holding a wooden object, a niks. In the background is a lazy-kate holding a bobbin with handspun thread.

Niks B made from horse chestnut

Niks carved from horse chestnut branch.

Short wooden tube made from raw wood from horse chestnut branch with right-angle notches cut out of each end, resting on a round piece of gray felted fabric.

Niks Fig 10 b contemporary IMG_0685

Two contemporary niksid from Estonia.

Two contemporary niksid from Estonia resting on striped multi-colored fabric. Niks on left made from sheep bone 9 cm or 3½”, with holes drilled in each end. Wooden one on right is longer, 13 cm or 5″, is made from larger piece of wood with right angle notches cut out.

Parlor 1 B Photo A overall DSC06179

Parlor wheel on a turned frame, overall view

Small bobbin/flyer wheel set on an ornately turned frame in two parts. Lower part has square base and four turned uprights. Treadle between uprights on left is at right angle to the footman. Two wooden pieces 9″ (~22.8 cm) by 5¼” (~13.3 cm) are between upper and lower frames. Upper frame is rectangular, held by four short turned posts, with a metal drive wheel 6¾” (~17 cm) diameter with 8 spokes on the right and the bobbin/flyer unit on the left. Mother-of-all moves on a threaded screw set into the left end of the frame. Two parts of the distaff are present.

Parlor 3 B Photo C drive wheel DSC06161

Close-up of metal drive-wheel

Metal drive wheel, 6¾” (~17 cm) diameter with 8 spokes, axle rests in short post set into turned upper frame. Top of carved footman has a round piece of leather at the end of the drive-wheel axle.

Parlor 4 B Photo D tables DSC06175

Close-up of double table

Two wooden pieces 9″ by 5¼” (~22.8 cm by ~13.3 cm) support the two frames, with small spindles between them. Lower piece is at the top of the lower frame and the upper is the bottom of the upper frame. Threaded screw fits between the middle of them.

HScheddel 4 (1) reel D. KLEIN

Yarn winder or reel marked D. KLEIN

Yarn winder or reel marked D. KLEIN. Small wooden table with three legs supports an upright which holds a box with gears inside. Clock face on front of box. Six turned arms with short crossbars on the ends for holding the thread as it is made into a skein.

HScheddel 5 B flax wheel

Flax wheel attributed to Heinrich Scheddel

Flax wheel attributed to Heinrich Scheddel has rectangular table on three turned legs. Pair of turned wheel posts set into the table hold the drive wheel on the right. Pair of braces go from the wheel posts to the top of the table. Drive wheel has 12 spokes. The treadle, between the two front legs is attached to the drive wheel axle by a wooden footman. The bobbin/flyer unit is on the left end of the table. Two sections of the distaff are present.